Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world for its Natural diversities as well as ethnic, linguistic and cultural diversities. It is a home of incredible varieties of ecosystem, the greatest mountain ranges, dense tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, forested hills and frozen valleys.
Situated between the two giants-China and India, area of Nepal is 1,41,100 Sq.Km. Altitude of Nepal ranges from 60 meters (Kanchan Kalan in eastern Terai) to 8,848 meters (The Mt. Everest). Expanding East-West, Southern plain covers17% of the land, Middle hills covers 68% and high, snowy mountain region covers 15% of total land of Nepal.Though the country is small, number of total population is around 30 million. There are more than 70 different ethnic community groups and more than 100 different languages spoken in Nepal. So rich and diverse is the cultures and traditions of its people.
People of Nepal:
People of Nepal can be best described by the poem below- Smiling and beautiful, So Brave and dutiful From Indo-Aryan, Gurkhas To Sino- Tibetan Sherpas Fabulous and friendly, So helping and Kindly Tirelessly hardworking, Still laughing and joking, Terain, Hilli, Himali All incredible Nepali
Wonderful Facts about Nepal:
The Nepal Himalaya is the ultimate goal for mountain lovers. Some of the Himalaya’s most iconic and accessible hiking is on offer here, with rugged trails to Everest, the Annapurnas and beyond. Nowhere else can you trek for days in incredible mountain scenery, secure in the knowledge that a hot meal, cosy lodge and warm slice of apple pie await you at the end of the day.Then there's the adrenaline kick of rafting a roaring Nepali river or bungee jumping into a yawning Himalayan gorge. Canyoning, climbing, kayaking, paragliding and mountain biking all offer a rush against the backdrop of some of the world’s most dramatic landscapes.
Other travellers prefer to see Nepal at a more refined pace, admiring the peaks over a sunset gin and tonic from a Himalayan viewpoint, strolling through the medieval city squares of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur, and joining Tibetan Buddhist pilgrims on a spiritual stroll around centuries-old stupas and monasteries. Even after the 2015 earthquake, Nepal remains the cultural powerhouse of the Himalaya; the Kathmandu Valley in particular offers an unrivalled collection of world-class palaces, hidden backstreet shrines and sublime temple art. Nepal is also a great place to learn about everything from Tibetan Buddhism to how to make the best momos (dumplings).
There are few countries in the world that are as well set up for independent travel as Nepal. Wandering the trekking shops, bakeries and pizzerias of Thamel and Pokhara, it’s easy to feel that you have somehow landed in a kind of backpacker Disneyland. Out in the countryside lies a quite different Nepal, where traditional mountain life continues at a slower pace, and a million potential adventures glimmer on the mountain horizons. The biggest problem you might face in Nepal is just how to fit everything in, which is one reason why many people return here over and over again.
South of Nepal's mountains lies something completely different: a chain of wild and woolly national parks, where nature buffs scan the subtropical treetops for exotic bird species and comb the jungles for rhinos, tigers and crocodiles. Choose from a luxury safari lodge in central Chitwan or go exploring on a wilder trip to remote Bardia or Koshi Tappu, stopping en route to visit the birthplace of Buddha on the steamy plains near Lumbini. Whether you cross the country by mountain bike, motorbike, raft or tourist bus, Nepal offers an astonishingly diverse array of attractions and landscapes.
Nepal's gross domestic product (GDP) for 2012 was estimated at over $17.921 billion (adjusted to nominal GDP). In 2010, agriculture accounted for 36.1%, services comprised 48.5%, and industry 15.4% of Nepal's GDP. While agriculture and industry are contracting, the contribution by the service sector is increasing.
Agriculture employs 76% of the workforce, services 18% and manufacturing and craft-based industry 6%. Agricultural produce – mostly grown in the Terai region bordering India – includes tea, rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, root crops, milk, and water buffalo meat. Industry mainly involves the processing of agricultural produce, including jute, sugarcane, tobacco, and grain. Its workforce of about 10 million suffers from a severe shortage of skilled labour.
Nepal has seen rapid political changes during the last three decades. Up until 1990, Nepal was a monarchy under executive control of the King. Faced with a communist movement against absolute monarchy, King Birendra, in 1990, agreed to a large-scale political reform by creating a parliamentary monarchy with the king as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of the government.
Nepal's legislature was bicameral, consisting of a House of Representatives called the Pratinidhi Sabha and a National Council called the Rastriya Sabha. The House of Representatives consisted of 205 members directly elected by the people. The National Council had 60 members: ten nominated by the king, 35 elected by the House of Representatives, and the remaining 15 elected by an electoral college made up of chairs of villages and towns. The legislature had a five-year term but was dissolvable by the king before its term could end. All Nepali citizens 18 years and older became eligible to vote.
Nepal is of roughly trapezoidal shape, 800 kilometres (500 mi) long and 200 kilometres (120 mi) wide, with an area of 147,181 km
2 (56,827 sq mi). See [[List of political and geographic subdivisions by total area from 100,000 to 1,000,000 km2 | List of territories by size]] for the comparativ
Nepal is commonly divided into three physiographic areas: Himal, Pahad and Terai. These ecological belts run east–west and are vertically[clarification needed] intersected by Nepal's major, north to south flowing river systems.
olklore is an integral part of Nepali society. Traditional stories are rooted in the reality of day-to-day life, tales of love, affection and battles as well as demons and ghosts and thus reflect local lifestyles, culture, and beliefs. Many Nepali folktales are enacted through the medium of dance and music.
Most houses in the rural lowlands of Nepal are made up of a tight bamboo framework and walls of a mud and cow-dung mix. These dwellings remain cool in summer and retain warmth in winter. Houses in the hills are usually made of unbaked bricks with thatch or tile roofing. At high elevations construction changes to stone masonry and slate may be used on roofs.
Nepal's flag is the only national flag in the world that is not rectangular in shape.The constitution of Nepal contains instructions for a geometric construction of the flag. According to its official description, the red in the flag stands for victory in war or courage, and is also the colour of the rhododendron, the national flower of Nepal. Red also stands for aggression. The flag's blue border signifies peace. The curved moon on the flag is a symbol of the peaceful and calm nature of Nepali, while the sun represents the aggressiveness of Nepali warriors.
(Highest in world)
|8,848 m||29,029 ft||Khumbu Mahalangur|| Khumjung VDC, Solukhumbu District,
Sagarmatha Zone (Nepal-China Border)
|8,586 m||28,169 ft||Northern Kanchenjunga|| Lelep VDC / Yamphudin VDC, Taplejung District,
Mechi Zone (Nepal-Sikkim Border)
|8,516 m||27,940 ft||Everest Group|| Khumjung VDC, Solukhumbu District,
Sagarmatha Zone (Nepal-China Border)
|8,462 m||27,762 ft||Makalu Mahalangur|| Makalu VDC, Sankhuwasabha District,
Kosi Zone (Nepal-China Border)
|8,201 m||26,906 ft||Khumbu Mahalangur|| Khumjung VDC, Solukhumbu District,
Sagarmatha Zone (Nepal-China Border)
|8,167 m||26,795 ft||Dhaulagiri|| Mudi VDC / Kuinemangale VDC,
Myagdi District, Dhawalagiri Zone
|8,156 m||26,759 ft||Mansiri|| Samagaun VDC, Gorkha District / Dharapani VDC,
Manang District, Gandaki Zone
|8,091 m||26,545 ft||Annapurna|| Ghandruk VDC, Kaski District,
Gandaki Zone / Narchyang VDC,
Myagdi District, Dhawalagiri Zone
Nepal is one of the best countries for sightseeing, with its long history, fascinating art and distinctive and varie ...
Nepal having 1310 magnificent pinnacles and peaks over 6,000 meters offers joy of mountaineering.
Expedition in Nepal is the best adventure for all those thrill seekers wanting to climb and expldore some of the tal ...
Nepal is abundantly rich in wildlife and natural habitats, and these are preserved and protected National Parks and ...
Very rich in snow-fed, four-Season Rivers, Nepal is second in water resources preceded by Brazil.
Nepal offers challenging ps 'n downs, amidts fabulous beauty and through exciting trails.
The ultimate thrill of a bungy jump can now be experienced in Nepal at perhaps the best site in the world.
We fly delta wing aircraft that belong to the category of Ultralight aircraft.
Pashupatinath is the one of the holiest Hindu shrines in the world. The temple is dedicated to lord Shiva and is built in the familiar pagoda style. Chronicles indicate the temple/’s existence prior to 400 A.D. this holly place is picturesque collection of temples and shrines. The entire dying people are brought to Pashupatinath for cremation. Only the Hindus are allowed to go inside.
The Swayambhu Stupa located crowns a hillock to the west of Kathmandu. A massive white dome surrounded by a 13 stage spire, the Stupa is one the most sacred Buddhist sites in Nepal. It is said to be 2000 years old. Its origin is linked to the founding of the Kathmandu valley, draining the water out of the lake by Bodhisattva Manjushree.
It is the world’s biggest stupa located about 8 kilometers from the city center. This is colossal stupa is known by the name of bouddhanath, the god of wisdom. It is difficult to assign a period to it, as some believe that it was built during the resign of shiva dev or anshu verma in the 7th century A.D. Boudhanath attracts the Buddhist pilgrims from all over the world.
It is an enchanting mélange of palace building, artistic courtyards and graceful pagoda temples. This square was the former royal palace complex which was the center of Patan\’s religious and social life, and houses a museum containing an array of bronze status and religious monuments.
It is one of the third important historical cities in the Kathmandu valley. It lies 14KM to the east of Kathmandu and covers an area of 4 Sq, miles. Its durbar square is the symphony of art and architecture belonging to medieval period. The center piece is the 55-window place overlooking the square which is paved over with bricks. Among other monuments around the durbar square are worth visiting.
The temple of Changunarayan is richly decorated with sculptures and carvings and is said to the oldest pagoda style temple in the valley. The temple, around the third century, is decorated by some of the best samples of stone, wood and metal craft. The courtyard has many others temples such as the of kiloswar, shiva, chhinnamasta Devi and other figures like garuda and different images of Vishnu.
About 8 km north of Kathmandu, at the base of shivapuri hill in a remarkable colossal statue of lord Vishnu, reclining on the bed of snakes. This is one of the master pieces of stone statue on the middle of small pond and seems to float in water.
It is situated 131 km west of Kathmandu valley at an altitude of 1135 m at the end of mountain road that branches north from the Kathmandu-Pokhara highway at Abu Khaireni. It is the ancestral home of the shah dynasty and home of the original Gorkha soldiers. Gorkha centerpiece in the magnificent Gorkha durbar which is a fort, a places and a temple with excellent view of the surrounding valleys and the manaslu range.
This is also the famous pilgrims site of Nepal it lies south east from Gorkha. Every hindu and buddist makes a pilgrimage trip to manakamana temple by a cable car from the kurintar and it takes 8 minutes to reach.
It is a hill top town situated mid way on the Kathmandu Pokhara highway at an altitude of 1005 m overlooking the marshyangdi river valley. It offers mountain views, artistic houses and pagoda temple. It has the largest cavern in the country, the siddha gupha, which is full of stalactites and stalagmites
Situated 200 km. west of Kathmandu, it is Nepal/’second most popular tourist destinations. The city is over shadowed by a massive wall of the Himalayas and dominated by the towering peaks of the Annapurna range. The most impressive view is the fishtailed pinnacle of mount machhapuchhre(6,977 m) and the fewa lake this rural town is also the starting point for the most famous treks in the annapura region.
A great religious place, janakpur is famous for being the birth place of sita, the consort of lord ram. There is an artistic marble temple of sita(janaki), popularly known as nau lakhe mandir. Religious festivle, trade fares and others festivities are held here on bhvaha panchami and ram navami.
Chitwan is known for the most attractive national park located at southern terai reason of Nepal. The park has wide verities of wild life offering people from across the world and opportunities to observe beautiful flora and fauna. Here, one can see vary rare endangered species like one horn rinos, sloth, wild boars leopards, crocodiles and more then 500 species of birds.
The birth place of lord Buddha lies in the plains south west of Kathmandu. It is sacred place of Buddhists form all over the worlds, standing on an equal footing with holy places sacred to other old religions. As millions of christens looks to gerusalam for inspirations, as millions of muslims turn to mecca, so do 300 millions Buddhist visit Lumbini.
Muktinath is a sacred place for both Hindus and Buddhists located in Muktinath Valley at an altitude of 3,710 meters at the foot of the Thorong La mountain pass in Mustang, Nepal. The site is close to the village of Ranipauwa, which is sometimes mistakenly called Muktinath.